Clinical Profile Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS)

Abstract

Background : This study was undertaken to analyse the clinical profile of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS), so as to facilitate early diagnosis of OSAS. Methodology : A retrospective study was conducted at pulmonary medicine department of tertiary care hospital. Data of 68 patients diagnosed as OSAS, was reviewed to study symptomatology, demography, various probability scores and co-morbidities associated with OSAS. Results : We observed male predominance in the male to female ratio of 1.95:1. Dominant age group we found in our study was 40-55 years, as 41.17% patients belonged to this age group. Total 88.23% patients had there neck circumferences > 37cm whereas 85.28% patients had BMI >25. With respect to mallampati score 94.1% patients had score >2. Epworth sleepiness scale was in favour of sleepiness in 76.46% patients. Of SACS, APNEIC and STOP-BANG scores, STOP-BANG was found to have statistical significance with OSAS as 92.64% patients had score >3. Most common co-morbidity observed was GERD 76.47%, followed by Hypertension 52.94% and Diabetes Mellitus 45.58%. Only 11.76% patients had moderate to severe pulmonary hypertension (PH), whereas 67.64% had mild PH and 20.58% didn’t have any PH.
Keywords : Sleep Apnea, OSA, OSAS, sleep disordered breathing

Authors: Dr.Anarase K. G., Dr. Manoj A. Waghmare, Dr. Amrut Swami
VIMS Health Sci Journal: 2018; 5 (4):154-158 | pdf PDF Full Article