Knowing Ebola: the beast from the bats

Authors: Mr. Gunjal Prasad N., Mrs. Gunjal Shraddha P

VIMS Health Sci Journal: 2014, 1 (3) | Abstract | pdf PDF Full Article | DOI:

Abstract:

Ebola is one of the most lethal virus that infects primates, endemic to Africa & to Philippines. Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (EHF) is an acute viral syndrome that present with fever & an ensuing bleeding diathesis that is marked by high mortality in human & nonhuman primates. The fatality rates are in between 50% to 100%. Early signs and symptoms may mimic the infectious diseases like influenza, malaria, non typhoidal salmonellosis, fulminanat hepatitis, spesis, dengue fever, various forms of encephalitis, yellow fever, lassa fever, marburg and other haemorrhagic diseases. In addition to clinical symptoms detection of viral antigen by ELISA and RT-PCR are particularly useful, rapid and sensitive tests. Viral antigen can be detectable after 3-6 days after onset of symptoms, but antigen positivity disappears in 7-16 days after symptoms have begun. Disappearance of antigen reflects effective immune response and viral containment. Presence of IgM or IgG antibodies for Ebola virus antigen can be detected by various tests like antigen capture enzyme linked immunosorbant assays (ELISA).

No vaccine is currently available for humans. Interrupting the viral transmission chain is of utmost importance in controlling an outbreak of EHF. Strict public health measures need to be implemented as quickly as possible.

Key words: Ebola virus, Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever (EHF).

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gunjal Prasad N., Mrs. Gunjal Shraddha P. Knowing Ebola: the beast from the bats, VIMSHSJ,(2014),1(3)

Harvard Style

Gunjal Prasad N., Mrs. Gunjal Shraddha P,(2014), Knowing Ebola: the beast from the bats, VIMS Health Science Journal(VIMSHSJ),1(3)

 APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gunjal Prasad N., Mrs. Gunjal Shraddha P,(2014), Knowing Ebola: the beast from the bats, VIMS Health Science Journal(VIMSHSJ),1(3)